President George Bush’s administration started from January 20, 2001 up to January 20, 2009. Within this span of time, he was able to pass several policies that helped the U.S. citizens. Among of this policies are for domestic security, diversity and civil rights, the field of science, education, economy, health care, social security, capital punishment, and other issues including abortion, euthanasia, amber alert, national preserves, prison rap, energy, and tariffs.
The most notable policies under George Bush administration is for the education and the environment. For the education, Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act in January 2002. The chief sponsor for this policy is Democratic Senator Ted Kennedy. This act aims to close the achievement gap, measure student performance, provide options to parents with children in low-performing school, and targets more federal funding to low-income schools. The Department of Education’s overall funding increased, thus providing the adequate resources to help meet new standards. As a result, the federal government today is spending more money on elementary and high school education.
Bush also signed several legislations concerning the environment. He signed the Great Lakes Legacy Act of 2002, which authorizes the federal government to begin cleaning up pollution and contaminated sediments in the Great Lakes. There is also the Brownfields Legislation in 2002 that aims to accelerate the cleanup of abandoned industrial sites or brownfields, to better protect public health, create jobs, and revitalize communities. One of famous proposals is the Health Forests Initiative (or HFI), officially called as the Healthy Forests Restoration Act of 2003. This law is proposed in response to the widespread forest fires during the summer of 2002. The main objectives of the law are to thin overstocked stands, clear away vegetation and trees to create shaded fuel breaks, provide funding and guidance to reduce or eliminate hazardous fuels in National Forests, improve forest fire fighting, and research new methods to halt destructive insects. Another controversial policy of President Bush was the Clear Skies Initiative in 2002. It aimed at amending the Clean Air Act to further reduce air pollution and expanded the emissions trading programs to include new pollutants such as mercury. The goal was to reduce sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and mercury emissions of power plants over the course of 15 years, while saving consumers millions of dollars. But, emissions caps will be set to account for different air quality needs in the East and the West and Section 483 of the Bill exempt some older building from many provisions but must still meet carbon monoxide standards.